معانا هتلاقي كل المحاضرات مبوبة تبويب يساعدك في عدم اضاعة الوقت في البحث عن المحاضرات السابقة
بمجرد ضغطت زر فقط ستحصل علي ما تريد فقط اختار المادة وعلينا الباقي
معانا .... أنت ناجح بأذن الله
أحنا شباب هدفنا ... نشر العلم تحت قاعدة ( اتعلم وعلم ) وان المشاركة افضل طرق التعلم
Ethiopia and Sudan sign deal to end Nile dispute
Three African leaders have signed an initial deal to end a
long-running dispute over the sharing of Nile waters and the building of
Africa's biggest hydroelectric dam, in Ethiopia.
The leaders of Egypt,
Ethiopia and Sudan signed the agreement in Sudan's capital, Khartoum.
Egypt has opposed the
Great Ethiopian Renaissance Dam, saying it would worsen its water shortages.
Ethiopia says the dam will give it a fairer share of Nile waters.
In 2013, Ethiopia's
parliament ratified a controversial treaty to replace colonial-era agreements
that gave Egypt and Sudan the biggest share of the Nile's water.
Mohamed Morsi said he did not want war but he would not allow Egypt's water
supply to be endangered by the dam.
Mr Morsi's successor,
Abdul Fattah al-Sisi signed the deal with Ethiopia's Prime Minister Halemariam
Desalegn and Sudan's President Omar al-Bashir.
The three leaders
welcomed the "declaration of principles" agreement in speeches in
Khartoum's Republican Palace, and watched a short film about the Grand
Renaissance Dam that highlighted how it could benefit the region, the
Associated Press news agency reports.
Mr Halemariam said he
wanted to give an assurance that the dam would "not cause any harm to
downstream countries", Reuters news agency reports.
Mr Sisi said the project
remained a source of concern to Egypt.
"The Renaissance Dam
project represents a source of development for the millions of Ethiopia's
citizens through producing green and sustainable energy, but for their brothers
living on the banks of that very Nile in Egypt, and who approximately equal
them in numbers, it represents a source of concern and worry," he said.
"This is because the
Nile is their only source of water, in fact their source of life."
Ethiopia wants to replace
a 1929 treaty written by Britain that awarded Egypt veto power over any project
involving the Nile by upstream countries.
conflict: Houthi rebels condemn UN arms embargo
Houthi rebels have condemned Tuesday's UN Security Council arms
embargo imposed on them and their allies.
They called for protests
against what they termed UN support of "aggression".
The Houthis have made
rapid advances across the country, sparking air strikes on their strongholds by
a Saudi-led coalition.
The UN says at least 736
people have been killed and 2,700 injured since 26 March, but officials believe
the actual death toll may be far higher.
The Houthis' Supreme
Revolutionary Committee "called on the masses of the Yemeni people to
rally and protest on Thursday to condemn the Security Council resolution in
support of the aggression".
Saudi Arabia's UN
Ambassador, Abdallah al-Moualimi, said that the resolution was "a very clear
endorsement" of the air strikes.
When asked about a
possible ground offensive, he warned that the air strikes were a response to
Houthi military action and if the Houthis failed to comply with the resolution,
"they will continue to face more of the same".
The Egyptian presidency
said on Tuesday that Egypt and Saudi Arabia had discussed holding a "major
military manoeuvre" in Saudi Arabia with other Gulf States.
The sanctions also apply
to key supporters, including former President Ali Abdullah Saleh and his eldest
son Ahmed, a former commander of the elite Republican Guard force.
'retakes over quarter of Islamic State territory'
Islamic State (IS) has lost more than a quarter of its territory
in Iraq since the US-led coalition air campaign began in August, a Pentagon
Col Steve Warren saidit was too early to say
the tide was turning, but that air strikes and Iraqi ground forces had
"unquestionably inflicted some damage".
IS took over swathes of
Iraq and Syria last June.
The announcementcame ahead of talksbetween Iraq's prime
minister and US President Barack Obama in Washington.
Iraqi PM Haider al-Abadi
wants the coalition to step up its air campaign against IS.
There has been a huge
contrast between the lightning advances scored in Iraq by IS last summer, and
the painfully slow process that has seen some of that ground recaptured.
IS militants have put up
a fierce defensive struggle, and made advances a deadly affair. Because of
that, each setback they have faced is significant even if some of lost
territory is not as strategically important as Mosul Dam and Tikrit.
Egypt turns to technology
in effort to protect ancient treasures from looters
The closest comparison is Swiss cheese: holes in vast swaths of
land where looters, armed with machine guns and bulldozers, take to ancient
archaeological sites in search of loot. To the untrained eye, these holes,
visible in satellite images, seem haphazard. But to experts, these deep pits,
spanning hectares of land, are the work of sophisticated traffickers.
It's exactly the kind of
looting that worries Mohamed Ibrahim Ali, Egypt's minister of state for antiquities.
"The objects that are stolen from museums are easier to
track because they are registered," Ibrahim said, referring to artifacts
taken from Egypt's Malawi National
Museum and Egyptian Museum
in Cairo, many of which have been identified and returned.
Looting isn't new. But
today, more than three years since the Egyptian revolution, concern for a
country dependent on historical tourism. And the confluence of economic,
political and technological factors has made looting of ancient artifacts more
problematic than ever. The ease of transport abroad, coupled with sky-high
prices; make antiquities a sweet and easy target for organized thieves.
But stopping stolen
objects from crossing US borders isn't the only option, experts say. Some worry
that harsh restrictions will stop legal sales to museums. Others want to target
looted objects at the source, and new technologies are putting the spotlight on
the illicit trade long before items reach border control.
أعشق التصميم الذي تفوح منه رائحة الابداع اسعي ان أكون من معمري الأرض أترك أثراً يستمر طويلاً اتمني ان أري اعلام يبني يُعلم يُطور يُنمي الانسان احب الخير ولو للغير وبسأل ربنا قربه
واحب اللقمه من فاسى واحب اللمه من ناسى ومهما كبرت مش ناسى ندا قلبى واحساسى
بيرسملى طريق مقدور